The 170 series was a Mercedes-Benz bestseller before and after World War II. Production ran from 1931 to 1955 and of the six generations manufactured, a total of over two hundred thousand copies were sold.
The Type 170 (W15) was introduced in early 1931 and was a very advanced car for its time. The 170, for example, was one of few cars with independent suspension on the rear axle. Moreover, the car was equipped with a steering wheel lock, central lubrication system, and there were hydraulic brakes on all four wheels. The handbrake was mechanical. The mid-range automobile was sold at the time, for 4,000 to 6,000 Reichsmark and was mainly delivered as a four door limousine or convertible. The utility cars built on the same chassis, sold well too.
Early 1936 the 170V (W136) was presented. V for "Vorn" (German for front), since the engine was situated in the front. The four-cylinder side-valve 170V had rear wheel drive and a four speed gearbox. Although the capacity (1.7 liter) was similar to that of its predecessor, this engine was considerably more powerful. The output was 38 hp (28 kW), at 3,400 rpm, fuel consumption was 1:10.
Technical and stylistically the 170V was modern for its time, and sold for a lower price. A great variety in bodywork was offered: four door saloons, convertible limousines and vans, two door two- and four seaters, convertibles, roadsters and pickups. From 1936 to 1942 more than 75,000 Mercedes-Benz 170V were sold.
Allied bombing during the Second World War destroyed most of the plants. In 1947 production of the 170V passenger car resumed but convertibles were no longer available, except for a series of police cars, only four-door sedans were produced. Safety was increased with the introduction of telescopic shock-absorbers and improved brakes. The passenger's cabin was enlarged and the luggage compartment was finally accessible from the outside by a lid! The petrol / gasoline models were designated 170 V A and the diesels 170 D A.
1950 Mercedes-Benz 170 V A (W136).
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